More Comfort, More Efficiency!

When the idea of a studio is first conceived, the initial discussion will invariably dwell on the console, recording devices, outboard, DAW, microphones and acoustics. 10/01/2003 8:00 AM Eastern

When the idea of a studio is first conceived, the initial discussion will invariably dwell on the console, recording devices, outboard, DAW, microphones and acoustics. More astute professionals will go a bit further, considering ancillary equipment like cabling, mic stands and patchbays. But what about furniture and ergonomics? Although it may seem secondary, assigning priority to your space's shape and vibe can have a profound impact on the efficiency with which you complete your projects and contribute to the happiness (and sanity!) of the studio's users.

Historically, the recording studio and its equipment were physically arranged to accommodate technology more so than the humans who operated it. Think about it: Why in the world would we deliberately design consoles to have channels 16 feet apart when our arms couldn't possibly reach them simultaneously? During the years, we've developed workarounds like automation to help solve these difficulties that we've created for ourselves. Now, the paradigm shift from the traditional studio to the project studio has yielded the opportunity to redesign for higher effectiveness.

Mix spoke with three leading authorities of studio design and ergonomics about trends in studio design and how furniture considerations are increasingly becoming part of the big picture: John Storyk of Walters-Storyk Design Group, Martin Pilchner of Pilchner Schoustal Design and Robert Traub of Russ Berger Design Group. According to this trio, the most prevalent trend at this time is, not surprisingly, the shift away from traditional large-format consoles to smaller and more versatile control surfaces.

Storyk says, “My gut tells me that if you start to survey all studios and all production facilities that are being built, more of them are going to be using what I call ‘desktop audio’: smaller-format production and storage devices. That means smaller physical amounts of equipment and more desire and more ability to have more interesting furnishing, more interesting ambience, more interesting client comfort areas, etc. We've got studios looking like homes now.”

According to Traub, “Historically, there were no ergonomics in the studios. In days of old, it was basically ‘drop the equipment into a room and work the session.’ Ergonomics and the idea of being able to adapt to the human form is a relatively new thing that has been developed not for studio design solely, but in the general world of furniture design.”

“When you buy a 12-foot-long console,” adds Storyk, “you pretty much have to put the 12-foot-long console where it has to go; there's not much choice. But when your studio is now going to be an assemblage of computer screens and keyboards and wireless devices and much smaller rack equipment, there are more choices about how this equipment should be formally positioned in the room, or whether it should even be formally positioned in the room. Maybe it should all be mobile.”

Also supporting this notion, Pilchner adds, “There is also a need for more interaction between the engineer, producer and artist. This is achieved by providing flexibility in the control room furniture and fittings to allow options in spatial relationships that encourage these types of synergies. Outboard gear, MIDI equipment and keyboards are incorporated into movable furniture elements that allow them to break free from their traditional spatial vernacular.”

Traub says, “These rooms are built from the inside out, and we start with the need and build these rooms to create the floor plan to create the building that creates the architecture. It's all such an interwoven process that even the support furniture, the lounge furniture and the sofas that support the working environment are thought of from day one in our office.”

The budget for creating a studio can vary widely, but the underlying principle remains the same: Focus in on the central purpose of the room and make the room fit that purpose. As Storyk puts it, “We're spending a lot more time as furniture designers than ever before.” When the budget allows it, custom furniture can tremendously promote the usability and comfort of a studio. Pilchner adds, “We usually develop furniture solutions for our clients. We have found that there are idiosyncrasies particular to each situation that require a specific design response to achieve real usability. There are always conflicts between computer keyboards, performance keyboards and mouse locations, as well as control surface meters, computer monitors and loudspeaker locations that require a degree of finesse to make it workable.”

In many instances, “off-the-shelf” solutions are not flexible enough to accomplish the design goal. Traub says, “I'd say that 85 percent of the time, we're designing [furniture] from scratch. It allows us to support the aesthetic that we've already created for the room, and because we know what the guts of the piece need to be in order to facilitate the gear in the room, it just makes it a quicker process for us.”

Another new idea is the elimination of the division between “control room” and “studio proper.” Pilchner says, “[The control room] has evolved from its origins as a ‘booth’ to become much more pivotal in the performance aspect of a recording event, and as such, has become more of a hybrid production/performance space as compared to its pure-production legacy. The impact of this, when subjected to usability analysis, implies that modern control rooms must do many more things well and accommodate more people. The first evidence of this is that control rooms have become larger to remain comfortable for more people.” Pilchner Schoustal recently designed a space in which the traditional “horseshoe” shape of a MIDI/DAW workstation was literally turned around backward at the insistence of the client. “They wanted their clients to be able to gather closely around the center of creativity. The traditional horseshoe shape envelops and surrounds a single creator, but turning that shape around backward enables several people to gather around in close proximity, bringing the clients in with the professionals. These are the clever new things that are happening,” says Pilchner.

Home studio owners and high-dollar organizations have the same ergonomic concerns when it comes to their workspace, and can apply the same basic ergonomic enhancements to improve efficiency and comfort.

Start with having things in the right places. For example, computer monitors should be at eye level and lighting should help eliminate glare and give warm, appropriate visibility. Also, because the tweeters in your near-field speakers should be at ear level, they often reside on the same shelf as the computer monitors. Having controls within an arm's length is preferable, in addition to installing mixing surfaces and computer and MIDI keyboards at appropriate (and comfortable) heights. Frequently tweaked controls should be closest.

The chair should be as posture-friendly as you can afford. Hardware that's not supposed to move should be firmly attached so it doesn't. Clear and informative labeling of patchbays and other equipment can dramatically reduce visual fatigue. The “permanent” wiring of the room should be exactly that — permanent. Wiring strain-relief eliminates a lot of headaches. Brute-strength grounding is valuable, and simple things like consistent polarity should not be overlooked. Climate should be considered, particularly in terms of temperature consistency. And, finally, a little “vibe” to promote creativity is nice, as well.

As technology and methodology evolve, so will our studio workspaces. According to Pilchner, “The future will see continuing changes to the heart of the production environment, namely the traditional console. In smaller studios, the console has already been replaced by control surfaces surrounded by various other production necessities. This is driving the need for more innovative furniture solutions. The core of the control room is being defined not only by the means of control, but also by its ability to embrace new production realities.” It will be fascinating to see what solutions will serve these realities.

There are quite a few wonderful products that help enhance the ergonomic studio environment. The following selection of furniture (and this is by no means an exhaustive list, but rather a few examples) is equally at home in seven-figure dream rooms and basement studios alike.

First, I present manufacturers that offer desk, rack, bench and cart systems that are developed almost exclusively for audio production. Argosy ( has an impressive line of expandable and modular consoles, workstations and racks intended chiefly for audio. Some are custom-designed for specific consoles, but others are universal.

Newcomer Jaxon Designs ( offers an affordable studio desk and several slick add-ons made from 9-ply or 12-ply pine or birch. Especially creative is the custom-made Amp Table that turns a guitar, bass or keyboard amplifier into a functional and attractive piece of furniture.

My Dog Rax ( offers gorgeous racks for any studio that requires something a little more aesthetically pleasing. And although this company's main focus is on striking racks, it also presents beautiful consoles and workstations in both “off-the-shelf” and custom varieties. These products are truly definitive examples of “studio furniture.”

Omnirax ( presents a line of attractive workstations for keyboards, mixers, audio/video and DAWs, many of them customized for Pro Tools and its many available control surfaces like the Mackie HUI. As with other manufacturers, Omnirax provides workstations that are customized for popular mixers and control surfaces.

QuikLok ( offers an array of high-quality products centered around stands for keyboards, mixers, mics, speakers and lighting. Additionally, the company provides high-quality multi-shelf workstations to serve a number of needs.

Raxxess ( has solutions for all issues associated with rack-mounted equipment, including a huge array of racks and accessories for the studio and touring, or data and communication needs, as well.

Finally, Taytrix ( is a New York-based organization that provides not only a range of services including acoustical design, but also “building blocks for your studio.” Nice custom racks and cabinets are available, along with things like speaker stands and gobos.

There are also a number of manufacturers that develop furniture that is not necessarily intended exclusively for audio or music production, but can be easily used that way. The Anthro Corporation ( has an extensive line of bench, cart, rack and other systems that tend toward video editing or multimedia creation, but its “Curved Cart” can easily accommodate a pair of near-field monitors, a computer monitor or two, a MIDI controller keyboard, a tower computer and even a couple of rackmount items.

Another company that develops excellent furniture that's not just for audio is Biomorph ( It provides a complete line of “interactive desks,” which enable instant height adjustment and other modifications. These are tough, welded-steel desks that can support as many as four or five computer monitors or whatever other audio hardware you may have.

Middle Atlantic Products ( offers a line of customizable and very attractive “edit center systems.” Once again, these are at home not only in video editing, post-production and multimedia production, but also very useful for DAWs and MIDI workstations. These sophisticated desks provide useful solutions in terms of rackspace.

There are lots of “big” considerations in terms of studio furniture and ergonomics, but the little things are also very important.

Now that DAWs have become king in the studio environment, the computer and its peripherals are among the most important considerations. The venerable mouse, for instance, may very well be the most handled and used device in the entire room. There is a huge range of such products available, from the traditional to the exotic, and there are as many different preferences as there are professionals.

Unfortunately, there is such an array of wonderful control surfaces and after-market mice, trackballs and drawing tablets that I cannot cover them all effectively. But I will point out a really powerful device known as the ShuttlePRO Multimedia Controller from Contour A/V Solutions ( It features a jog knob that rotates 360° and a spring-loaded shuttle ring that provides seven variable speeds for scrubbing. It also sports 13 programmable buttons that can be assigned to any keyboard shortcut or command. Thus, one hand is given a huge amount of control, while leaving the other hand available for the computer keyboard or faders, or other controls. Regardless of your preference, much thought and test-driving should precede your choice of controller.

There are also little things like monitor mounts that cannot be truly defined as furniture. Middle Atlantic Products ( has, for instance, a line of video monitor mounts that can hold displays from 13 to 37 inches. They exhibit an elegant design that can accommodate 16- or 24-inch stud centering, and yield 40° pivot and 355° swivel, so you can precisely set the viewing angle. This is a great solution if you don't have space on your desk for monitors. Likewise, OmniMount (, known for its high-quality speaker mounts, also offers a range of high-quality video monitor mounts.

Other important considerations along these lines include products such as anti-glare screens for your monitors or even cleaning products that can help you keep your space tidy and efficient. Ergonomic computer keyboards and the like can also help to promote workspace efficiency. When you go about enhancing your workspace's ergonomics and efficiency, don't forget to consider all of these little things!

John McJunkin is the principal of Avalon Audio Services (Phoenix).

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